Philology, philosophy, and truth


Keywords: philology, philosophy, stasis, conceptual history

On the borderline of philology and philosophy, it often happens that the two approaches collide, claiming both to be true, whatever ‘true’ may mean. A distinction can be made between the Platonic qualitative movement towards truth and the quantitative approach to truth inherent in modern philology. At the same time, both perspectives are culture-specific, closely related to the dominant discourse, selection principles and hierarchy. This creates obstacles, for example, in the study of conceptual history but also in philology in general. The solution is to let go of the truth to some extent, accepting its time-varying and context-sensitive nature.

Neeme Näripä (b. 1980), University of Tartu Library, Research Center, Junior Research Fellow (W. Struwe 1, 50091 Tartu), neeme.naripa@ut.ee


Badiou, Alain 2014. La République de Platon: dialogue en un prologue, seize chapitres et un épilogue. Paris: Frayard/Pluriel.

Bons, A. E. Jeroen 2007. Gorgias the sophist and early rhetoric. – A Companion to Greek Rhetoric. Koost Ian Worthington. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, lk 37–46. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470997161.ch4

Burnet, John 1967–1968. Platonis opera. Kd 2, 3, 4. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Cope, Edward Meredith 1867. An Introduction to Aristotle’s Rhetoric: With Analy­sis, Notes and Appendices. London–Cambridge: Macmillan and Co.

DK = Diels, Hermann Alexander, Kranz, Walther 1966. Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker. Kd 2. Berlin: Weidmann.

Heath, Malcolm 1994. The substructure of stasis-theory from Hermagoras to Hermogenes. – Classical Quarterly, kd 44, nr 1, lk 114–129. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0009838800017250

Hermogenes 2011. Seisudest. Tlk Neeme Näripä. – Akadeemia, nr 8, lk 1403–1441.

Hoppmann, Michael J. 2008. Argumentative Verteidigung: Grundlegung zu einer mordernen Statuslehre. Berlin: Weidler Buchverlag.

Jäneke, Walther 1904. De statuum doctrina ab Hermogene tradita: ad rhetoricae historiam symbolae. Leipzig: Univ. Diss.

Kennedy, George A. 1994. A New History of Classical Rhetoric. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Lamm, Julia A. 2000. Schleiermacher as Plato scholar. – The Journal of Religion, kd 80, nr 2, lk 206–239. https://doi.org/10.1086/490607

Legrand, Philippe-Ernest 1963. Hérodote. Histoires. Kd 6. Paris: Les Belles ­Lettres.

Liu, Yameng 1991. Aristotle and the stasis theory: A reexamination. – Rhetoric Society Quarterly, kd 21, nr 1 (talv), lk 53–59. https://doi.org/10.1080/02773949109390908

Loraux, Nicole 2006. The Divided City: On Memory and Forgetting in Ancient Greece. New York: Zone Books.

LSJ = Liddell, Henry George, Scott, Robert, Jones, Stuart, McKenzie, Roderick 1996. A Greek-English Lexicon: With a Revised Supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Mathieu, George, Brémond, Emile 1963. Isocrate. Discours. Kd 1. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

Mathieu, George, Brémond, Emile 1966. Isocrate. Discours. Kd 3. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

Minio-Paluello, Lorenzo 1966. Aristotelis categoriae et liber de interpretatione. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Mutschmann, Hermann 1914. Sexti Empirici opera. Kd 2. Leipzig: Teubner.

Nadeau, Ray E. 1959. Some Aristotelian and stoic influences on the theory of stases. – Speech Monographs, kd 26, nr 4 (november), lk 248–254. https://doi.org/10.1080/03637755909375268

Näripä, Neeme 2011. Hermogenes Tarsosest. – Akadeemia, nr 9, lk 1681–1696.

Näripä, Neeme 2019. Stasis: Ein antikes Konzept. (Dissertationes studiorum Graecorum et Latinorum Universitatis Tartuensis 9.) Tartu: University of Tartu Press.

Pepper, Stephen C. 1946. The descriptive definition. – The Journal of Philosophy, kd 43, nr 2, lk 29–36.

Rabe, Hugo 1893. Syriani in Hermogenem commentaria. Kd 2. Leipzig: Teubner.

Schenkl, Heinrich 1965. Epicteti dissertationes ab Arriano digestae. Leipzig: Teubner.

Thiele, Georg 1893. Hermagoras: ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Rhetorik. Strassburg: Tübner. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783111649702

Winterbottom, Michael 1970. M. Fabi Quintiliani institutionis oratoriae libri duodecim. Kd 1–2. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Woerther, Frédérique 2012. Hermagoras: Fragments et témoignages. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.