Search
|
ee
PDF

Poetics is in genes: A manifesto

Keywords: poetics, pragmapoetics, genetics, self-reflexivity, CRISPR, biosemiotics, biolinguistics

The article reveals the commonality between poetics and genetics for the first time. Thus far, outside of cellular biology, attempts have been made from both (text)­linguistics and semiotics to describe the genome and its interactions similarly to language. However, the approach in this manifesto relies particularly on the poetic function of language and its underlying self-referentiality as its starting point. Poetic relevance reveals itself explicitly in its relation to the cutting-edge concept of CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats), which thematizes abundant metrical and figurative phenomena and terms on several levels: accumulation, regularity, interval, different repetitions, rhythm; equivalency, substitution, connotation; synecdoche, metonymy, metaphor, irony, implicature, paradox; palindrome, chiasmus, ellipsis, zeugma, calembour, polysyndeton; verses, stanzas, chapters, refrains, (identical) rhymes, collage, plot, poem, composition, text, hypertext, architext, orchestration; graphic imagery, symmetry – asymmetry; homonyms, synonyms, antonyms, archaisms, neologisms; words, phrases, sentences, syntax, definitions, quotes, palimpsest; cacophony, noise, harmony; self-reflexivity of the utterance and utterer. From this perspective, life stems from primordial poetics as the latter’s first level. It is a convincing enough association to apply poetic analysis to the free interpretation process of genomes by cells. A universal law of nature is that symmetry dictates design (including asymmetry): poetics is everywhere.

 

Arne Merilai (b. 1961), PhD, University of Tartu, Professor of Estonian Literature (Ülikooli 16, 51014 Tartu), arne.merilai@ut.ee

References

Chomsky, Noam 1980. On the biological basis of language capacities. – N. Chomsky, Rules and Representations. New York: Columbia University Press, lk 185–216.

Jakobson, Roman 1970. Linguistics. – Main Trends of Research in the Social and Human Sciences. Part one: Social Sciences. Paris–The Hague: Mouton/Unesco, lk 419–463.

Jakobson, Roman 2012 [1960]. Lingvistika ja poeetika. Tlk Neeme Lopp ja Arne Merilai. – Akadeemia, nr 10, lk 1731–1773.

Jenkins, Lyle 2000. Biolinguistics: Exploring the Biology of Language. Cambridge: Cam­bridge University Press.

Kull, Kalevi 1998. Organism as a self-reading text: Anticipation and semiosis. – International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems, kd 1, lk 93–104.

Kull, Kalevi 2002. A sign is not alive – a text is. – Sign Systems Studies, kd 30, nr 1, lk 327–336.

Kull, Kalevi 2016. Organism kui dirigendita orkester – ja eluteaduse süda. – D. Noble, Elu muusika. Bioloogia teispool geene. (Roheline raamat.) Tlk Lauri Laanisto. Tallinn: Varrak, lk 205–214.

Lai, Cecilia S. L.; Fisher, Simon E.; Hurst, Jane A.; Vargha-Khadem,  Faraneh; Monaco, Anthony P. 2001. A forkhead-domain gene is mutated in a severe speech and language disorder. – Nature, kd 413, nr 6855, lk 519–523.

López-García, Ángel 2005. The Grammar of Genes: How the Genetic Code Resembles the Linguistic Code. Bern: Peter Lang.

Maturana, Humberto; Varela, Francisco 1980. Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living. Boston: D. Reidel.

Merilai, Arne 2005. Regarding pragmapoetics: Deixis. – Regards multidisciplinaires sur la deixis: de l’énoncé à l’énonciation et vice-versa = Multidisciplinary views on deixis: from utterance to uttering and vice versa = Multidistsiplinaarsed vaated deiksisele: lausungist lausumiseni ja vastupidi. Université de Tartu, Centre d’Etudes Francophones Robert Schuman. (Studia Romanica Tartuensia 4b.) Toim Daniele Monticelli, Renate Pajusalu, Anu Treikelder. Tartu: Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, lk 271–285.

Merilai, Arne 2011. Pragmapoeetika postliminaria. – Filosoofia ja analüüs: Analüütilise filosoofia seminar 20. Toim Bruno Mölder, Jaan Kangilaski. Tartu: EYS Veljesto Kirjastus, lk 147–152.

Merilai, Arne 2013. Kirjandusteoreetilise ühendvälja poole. [Manifest.] – Methis. Studia humaniora Estonica, nr 12, lk 7–17.

Merilai, Arne; Saro, Anneli; Annus, Epp 2003. Poeetika. Gümnaasiumiõpik. Tartu: Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus.

Noble, Denis 2016.  Elu muusika. Bioloogia teispool geene. (Roheline raamat.) Tlk Lauri ­Laanisto. Tallinn: Varrak.

Pelkey, Jamin 2017. The Semiotics of X: Chiasmus, Cognition and Extreme Body Memory. Bloomsbury Advances in Semiotics. London etc.: Bloomsbury Academic.

Raible, Wolfgang 2001. Linguistics and genetics: Systematic parallels. – Language Typology and Language Universals: An International Handbook. Toim Martin Haspelmath, ­Ekkehard König, Wulf Oesterreicher, Wolfgang Raible. Berlin–New York: Walter de Gruyter, lk 103–123.

Zolyan, Suren T.; Zhdanov, Renad I. 2018. Genome as (hyper)text: From metaphor to theory. – Semiotica, nr 224, lk 1–18.

Uued võimalused geenitehnoloogias. Peatükk 5.2.9. – Digiõppevaramu. Rakendusbioloogia. 7. I 2018. https://vara.e-koolikott.ee/node/5871 (17. XII 2020).

Weber, Andreas 2011. Kõik me tunneme. Inimene, loodus ja eluteaduste revolutsioon. (Roheline raamat.) Tlk Krista Räni. Järelsõna Riin Magnus, Timo Maran. Tallinn: Varrak.

Weber, Andreas 2016a. Biopoetics: Towards a Biological Theory of Life-as-Meaning. Berlin: Springer.

Weber, Andreas 2016b. Elus olla. Erootiline ökoloogia. (Roheline raamat.) Tlk Katrin ­Kaugver. Tallinn: Varrak.

Wittgenstein, Ludwig 1958. Philosophical Investigations. London: Basil Blackwell.